A misalignment of biomechanics is indicated as the cause of a number of lower extremity conditions, like bunions, runner's knee and ankle pain. A study conducted by the National Institues of Health reports that wearing orthotics may be an effective, non-invasive way to improve landing mechanics.
Researchers examined the biomechanics of 48 female runners who had conditions related to overuse. They found that support of the longitudinal arch with an insole helped alleviate disability.
Authors of the study noted that this positive effect was likely due to better stabilization in the joints.
An article on EmaxHealth.com reports that orthotics may be effective in correcting pronation, a biomechanical abnormality in which the foot points outward when walking. Pronation has been strongly associated with the development of bunions.
Alpha Orthotics offers a number of devices to help correct bunion, hammer toe and fallen arches. The company is well-known for its Bunion Aid splint, which has a special hinged design to allow users a degree of mobility while they correct their bunions.